By Academy of Political Education
The ABS V Wave 2018 Survey has covered the entire Mongolia1 and had eight major study areas based on parliamentary electoral districts: Ulaanbaatar (capital city), Western, Northern, Central I, Central II, Central III, Eastern and Southern regions.
The total population of Mongolia in 2017 was 3177.8 thousand, up 1.82 percent compared with previous year.2 Of the total population, 49.16 percent were males and 50.84 percent females. The number of births reached 75.3 thousand. The life expectancy at birth reached 69.89 years, 75.44 for women and 65.88 years for men in 2017.
By the Constitution of 1992, Mongolia is a parliamentary democracy. The State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia is the highest organ of State power and the supreme legislative power is vested only upon the State Great Khural. The parliamentary elections held once in four years to elect 76 members. The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve for a four year term.
The State Great Khural is unicameral and consists of 76 members elected by majoritarian electoral system. This was changed from the mixed election system that was employed in the 2012 Parliamentary elections. After the Parliamentary elections of 2016, the Mongolian People’s Party has won 65 of the 76 seats.
The seventh presidential election since the 1990’s democratic transition was held in 2017. Three candidates ran for office. Neither of whom would win absolute majority, and thus, according to the elections laws of the land, the candidate with the least votes stepped out of the race. The remaining two candidates competed in the second round of the elections. Of 1990.7 thousand registered voters for the Second round of the 2017 Presidential election, voter turnout was 60.67 percent. Kh.Battulga (Democratic Party) won with 50.61% and M.Enkhbold (Mongolian People’s Party) got 41.16 %.
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