Survey Topics: Wave 2

Wave 1  |      Wave 2      | Wave 3  | Wave 4

1. Economic Evaluations

What are your thoughts on the economic condition of the nation and of your family: now, over the last five years, and in the next five years?

2. Trust in Institutions

Do you perceive public institutions, including different branches of government, the media, the military, and NGOs, to be trustworthy?

3. Social Capital

Membership in private and public groups, frequency and degree of group participation, trust between citizens, and the influence of guanxi.

4. Human Security

How safe do you think your town/city is? Have you ever been a victim of a crime?

5. Participation in Elections

Voting in the last election, specific voting patterns, participation in campaigns, advocacy for a certain candidate or party, and perception of the fairness of the last national election.

6. Access to Public Services

How easy or difficult it is to gain access to public services, such as healthcare, identity documents, the police force, and public schools.

7. Citizen Involvement and Partisanship

Interest in politics, perception of the present political situation, frequency of discussions on politics or political issues, main source of political news, impact of government polices, and party allegiance.

8. Traditionalism

Importance of consensus and family; views on the role of the elderly and face; private interests/civil liberties vs. social order; respect of procedures by political leaders.

9. Globalization

Internet usage; knowledge of major events in foreign countries and awareness of international trends, traveling abroad, and contact with foreigners.

10. Political Participation

Contact with government and elected officials, political organizations and NGOs. Fulfillment of citizen duties and active participation in the political process as well as in collective political actions like demonstrations and protest marches.

11. Meaning of Democracy

Meaning of democracy and characteristics of democracy.

12. Satisfaction with Current Government and Democracy

Satisfaction with how democracy works, democratic rankings of current and previous regimes, and expected ranking of the current regime in the future. Views on the suitability of democracy in the country.

13. Important Problems to be Addressed


The most important problems that the government should address (e.g., the economy, education, government services etc.), and how likely it is that the government will solve that problem.

14. Quality of Governance

Perception of corruption, accessibility to and accountability of government institutions, and transparency and responsiveness of the government.

15. Democratic Legitimacy and Preference for Democracy

Preference for democracy, compared with other regime types, and economic development.

16. Citizen Empowerment, Support for and Responsiveness of the System

The ability of people to influence the government. Trust in local government officials, and the unity of the nation.

17. Authoritarian vs. Democratic Values

Level of education and political equality, views on leadership, degree of separation between the executive and the judiciary.

18. Ideological Cleavages

State/public ownership vs. private ownership, national authority over local decisions/federalism, cultural insulation, social justice, and self-sufficiency.

19. Citizenship

Citizenship and ethnic identity, views on equality, and national loyalty.

20. International Relations

Awareness of other governmental organizations and impressions of other countries.

21. Social-Economic Background Variables

Gender, age, marital status, level of education, years of formal education, religion and religiosity, household, income, language and ethnicity.

22. Interview Record

Gender, age, class, and language of the interviewer, people present at the interview. The attitudes and emotions of the respondent, the language or dialect spoken in interview, and was an interpreter present.